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Fabric is a cloth, or other material, produced by weaving, knitting or felting textile fibres. There are many different kinds of textiles, between all of those, every textile is chosen depending on the purpose and the qualities expected for its final use.

There are textiles which have been created very recently whilst others have ancient origins. Each of them has its own piece of story behind, sometimes belonging to a country’s culture, for instance, Silk in China.

The truth is that many things have changed about the production of textiles and their use: the number of inhabitants of the world…

Ever wondered what makes sportswear so stretchy and elastic? Here is everything you need to know about elastane.

What is Elastane?

Elastane is also known as Lycra or Spandex. The word itself is an anagram and comes from the verb “expands”. The term ‘Spandex’ is used mostly in North America, however ‘Elastane’ and ‘Lycra’ are used more in Europe, UK, Australia and Middle East.

Elastane is a lightweight, synthetic fibre that is used to make stretchable clothing such as sportswear. It is made up of a long chain polymer called polyurethane.

Background of Elastane

As a synthetic polymer, Elastane is contains at least 85% polyurethane. The…

What is Linen?

Linen is a processed plant-based fibre derived from flax plants, also called Linum Usitatissimum. More than 70% of linen production is used to manufacture clothing.

Flax represents only less than 1% of all textile fibres consumed worldwide, although it is considered a precious high-quality product to wear.

200 years ago, linen was used more frequently. 20% of the clothes worn in Europe were made of linen.

Its decrease in popularity is due to the advent of cotton and other synthetic textiles, which did not substitute linen for its qualities but for their relative affordability.

Plant-based Fibres category and Quotas


What is Nylon?

Nylon is a synthetic man-made fibre derived from petrochemicals, which is used extensively throughout the fashion industry.

Its first use was for the production of toothbrushes in 1938 whilst the most popular commercial use began in the 1940s, as it became the fabric of choice for women’s stockings.

Nylon production increased from 3.74 million tonnes in 1990 to 5.4 million tonnes in 2018 with around 5% market share of the global fibre production market.

The simple maintenance, wearability and low cost of Nylon make it a fibre with a great likelihood of remaining in production and use.

Where does Nylon come from?

Nylon was invented…

In the cold winter months, we are all looking for cozy, warm and stylish pieces of clothing. Wool is one of those textiles materials which is highly sought after by many consumers.

What is Wool?

Wool is a type of textile which is obtained from the hair of sheep, but also other animals such as goats, alpacas, etc. The chemical structure of this fibre is quite different from others, as wool consists of a small percentage of fats (lipids) and protein. Wool is easy to spin, and its bulkiness causes it to be breathable at the same time as retaining heat.

A brief history of Wool

Somewhere between…

What is Viscose?

Viscose is a cellulosic fabric made from wood pulp. Viscose is also called Rayon and was first produced in 1883 as a cheaper alternative to silk.

It is the third mostly used textile in the world. About 6 million tonnes of cellulosic fibre is produced each year only for the textile industry and it has been forecasted to grow by around 8% per year to 2025.

Although it is derived from natural fibres, chemicals are used in the process to produce it as a textile. This makes viscose a semi-synthetic textile and it doesn’t mean that it is better for…

Denim jeans, jackets, skirts, shirts, caps etc. are all established clothing items in today’s fashion world. From children to the older generation, everyone has at least one denim piece in their wardrobe.

What is Denim?

Denim is a durable cotton or cotton-blend twill (twill is a type of weave) textile, typically used to make jeans, overalls and other types of clothing. It is a strong fabric made using the warp and weft weaving method which results in a diagonal denim ribbing.

In the US, denim has been used since the mid-19th century. At that time, clothes for workers such as miners, surveyors, etc…

The strongest natural protein fibre composed mainly of Fibroin, silk is a shimmering textile known for its satin texture and famous for being a luxurious fabric.

The most common silk is produced from silkworms, small creatures which mostly live on mulberry leaves. The protecting cocoon created around themself is harvested and used for silk production.

The global average of silk production accounts for 80,000 tons per year, of which approximately 70% is produced in China.

Where does silk come from?

was drinking in a wild mulberry bush when some wild cocoons fell in her bowl...

The history of silk roots in China, where the production…

Over the years, humans have created many inventions. Some of them had a more positive impact on us than others. Polyester is one of those inventions which brings a number of advantages, along with unfortunate disadvantages.

What is Polyester?

It has been nearly a century since polyester became a very important part in a number of industries and consequently our life. Its wide range of usage makes polyester almost irreplaceable in today’s world.

In 1941, British scientists J. T. Dickson and J.R. Whinfield patented polyethylene terephthalate which is also known as PET. Their research was inspired from the research by the US scientist…

What is cotton?

It is a natural fibre which comes from plants. Cotton is mostly composed of cellulose which makes it a soft and fluffy material.

The cultivation and processing of this natural resource is used to convert it into a textile which is known for its versatility, performance and natural comfort. Cotton is commonly used in many industries and accounts for half of the fibre worn in the world.

Cotton production has been developed for decades and nowadays, 29 million tonnes of cotton are produced every year!

Where does cotton come from?

Research states that cotton was first cultivated in the Indus Delta and dates back to…


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